1. AI and vaccine development
It typically takes years, if not decades, to develop a new vaccine. But by March 2020, vaccine candidates to fight covid-19 were already undergoing human tests, just three months after the first reported cases.

2. Fully automated driving and the rollout of robotaxis
Autonomous driving technology continued to mature in 2020, with the industry’s leading companies testing driverless cars and opening up robotaxi services to the public in various cities.

3. Applied natural language processing
In 2020, natural language systems became significantly more advanced at processing aspects of human language like sentiment and intent, generating language that aligns with human speaking and writing patterns, and even visual understanding, meaning the capability to express understanding about an image through language.

4. Quantum computing
Quantum computing has the potential to supercharge AI applications compared to binary-based classical computers

5. AI chips
Chips can already cope with a small amount of AI processing, but with the need for more AI we will need to develop chips that can focus on the deep learning processing required.

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